Kamakura Releases 10 Year Monthly Forecast of U.S. Treasury Yields and Swap Spreads for May, 2012
NEW YORK, May 14, 2012: Honolulu-based Kamakura Corporation on Monday released its forecast for U.S. Treasury yields and interest rate swap spreads monthly for the next 10 years. The forecasted 1 month US Treasury bill rates show a continued flattening of the curve with decreases of 25 to 36 basis points from 2016 to 2022 compared to the previous month.
The Kamakura forecast for May shows 1 month Treasury bill rates rising steadily to 3.708% in April 2022, down 24.2 basis points from the peak forecasted last month. The 10 year U.S. Treasury yield is projected to rise steadily to 3.67% on April 30, 2022, 26.5 basis points lower than forecasted last month. The negative 27 basis point spread between 30 year U.S. dollar interest rate swaps and U.S. Treasury yields reflects the blurring of credit quality between these two yield curves. The U.S. government has not been seen as risk free by the market for some time as evidenced by the negative spread, and 4 of the 18 panel banks that determine U.S. dollar libor have received significant government assistance and are, in effect, sovereign credits. For more on the panel members, see www.bbalibor.com. The negative 30 year spread results in an implied negative spread between 1 month libor and 1 month U.S. Treasury yields (investment basis) beginning in 2020 to 2022.
Kamakura Chief Administrative Officer Martin Zorn said Monday, “The flattening of the forward curve in May is a reflection of the data released in April. The April payroll numbers in the US and the corresponding reaction by the Fed demonstrated that monetary policy was not going to be adjusted unless there is sustainability to the trend.”
The projected U.S. Treasury yield curve embedded in the Kamakura rate forecast is shown here:
The negative spread between interest rate swaps and US Treasuries implies a period of negative spreads between the Libor-swap curve and Treasuries and dramatic spread gyrations around mid-2012, as shown in this graph. This distortion comes about because the Libor Swap curve has two components with dramatically different credit risk. The short term rates are from the Libor market where in theory market participants can lose 100% of credit extended to banks. In the swap market, however, losses can be no more than the difference in the net present value of the swap between the origination date and the default date. Market participants generally ignore this credit differential and that is what causes the gyrations below:
The full text of the Kamakura forecast for U.S. Treasury yields and interest rate swap spreads is available each Friday afternoon on the Kamakura blog at this link:
The Kamakura interest rate forecasts are based on the forward interest rates embedded in the current U.S. Treasury yield curve and in the interest rate swap curve. These forward rates are extracted using the maximum smoothness forward rate approach first published by Kamakura’s Donald R. van Deventer and Kenneth Adams in 1994 and modified in Financial Risk Analytics (1996) by Kamakura’s Imai and van Deventer. The maximum smoothness approach is applied directly to forward rates in the case of U.S. Treasury yields and it is applied to forward credit spreads, relative to the U.S. Treasury curve, in the case of the swap curve. For a 50 year history of maximum smoothness forward rates, see Dickler, Jarrow and van Deventer (2011) “Inside the Kamakura Book of Yields: A Pictorial History of 50 Years of Daily U.S. Treasury Forward Rates” at this link:
For a summary of the shapes of forward rate curves that have prevailed over the 12,395 business days since January 2, 1962, see Dickler and van Deventer:
Kamakura’s rate forecast is available in electronic form, both in Kamakura Risk Manager table format and other forms, by subscription. For more information contact Kamakura at firstname.lastname@example.org.
About Kamakura Corporation
Founded in 1990, Honolulu-based Kamakura Corporation is a leading provider of risk management information, processing and software. Kamakura was named to the World Finance 100 by the Editor and readers of World Finance magazine in 2012. In 2010, Kamakura was the only vendor to win 2 Credit Magazine innovation awards, including one with distribution partner Thomson Reuters. Kamakura Risk Manager, first sold commercially in 1993 and now in version 8.0, is the first enterprise risk management system with users focused on credit risk, asset and liability management, market risk, stress testing, liquidity risk, counterparty credit risk, and capital allocation from a single software solution. The KRIS public firm default service was launched in 2002. The KRIS sovereign default service, the world’s first, was launched in 2008, and the KRIS non-public firm default service was offered beginning in 2011. KRIS default probabilities are displayed for 4,000 corporates and sovereigns via the Reuters 3000 Xtra service and the Thomson Reuters Eikon service. Kamakura has served more than 220 clients ranging in size from $1.5 billion in assets to $1.6 trillion in assets. Kamakura’s risk management products are currently used in 32 countries, including the United States, Canada, Germany, the Netherlands, France, Austria, Switzerland, the United Kingdom, Russia, the Ukraine, Eastern Europe, the Middle East, Africa, South America, Australia, Japan, China, Korea, India and many other countries in Asia.
Kamakura has world-wide distribution alliances with Fiserv, SCSK Corporation, Unisys, and Zylog Systems making Kamakura products available in almost every major city around the globe. To follow the troubled company index and other risk commentary by Kamakura on a daily basis, please follow Kamakura CEO Dr. Donald van Deventer (www.twitter.com/dvandeventer), Kamakura Chief Administrative Officer Martin Zorn (www.twitter.com/riskmgrhi), and Kamakura’s official twitter account (www.twitter.com/KamakuraCo).
For more information contact
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Web site: www.kamakuraco.com