Press Release
Kamakura Reports Improvement in Global Credit Quality in June; Index Has Remained in Narrow Band for Almost 2 Years
HONOLULU, July 3, 2007: Kamakura Corporation announced today that its monthly global index of troubled companies decreased in June, dropping to 6.3% of the global public company universe from 7.1% in May. The troubled company index has now remained in a band between 5.4% and 7.3% since November 2005. The index's 17 year low point was 5.4% in March-May 2006. The 17-year high in the index was 28%, reached in September 2001, the worst part of the last recession. June 2007 global credit quality was better than 96.7% of the monthly periods since January 1990, an improvement from an 88.4% ranking in May. The average value of the index has been 13.5% over the last 17 years. Kamakura defines a troubled company as a company whose default probability is in excess of 1%. The index now covers more than 18,500 public companies in 29 countries using the fourth generation version of Kamakura's advanced credit models.
"Despite the continuing troubles in the sub prime mortgage sector and a widening of spreads, default probabilities themselves have improved over the last month," said Warren Sherman, Kamakura President and Chief Operating Officer. "Credit spreads are driven by macro-economic factors above and beyond default probabilities, as we have proven in our KRIS "implied spreads" calculation. Movements in spreads and default probabilities this month show the complex links between the two. In that regard, Kamakura would like to thank Ranjan Bhaduri of Morgan Stanley for helpful comments and suggestions on Kamakura's credit index. In June, the index showed that the number of companies with default probabilities between 1% and 5% was down to 4.4% of the global public company universe, compared to 5.0% in May. Companies with default probabilities between 5% and 10% were down by 0.2% to 0.9% of the universe. The percentage of companies with default probabilities between 10% and 20% remained unchanged in June at 0.6% of the universe. The number of global companies with default probabilities over 20% also remained unchanged at 0.4% of the universe in June."


Beginning in January 2006, Kamakura has moved to a global index covering 29 countries using the annualized one month default probability produced by the best performing credit model of the Kamakura Risk Information Services default and correlation service. The model used is the fourth generation Jarrow-Chava reduced form default probability, a formula that bases default predictions on a sophisticated combination of financial ratios, stock price history, and macro-economic factors. The countries currently covered by the index include Australia, Austria, Belgium, Brazil, Canada, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Hong Kong, India, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Japan, Luxemburg, Malaysia, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Singapore, South Africa, South Korea, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Taiwan, United Kingdom, and the United States.

Kamakura is offering free trials of its KRIS default probability and default correlation service to qualified institutions. For more information on Kamakura's free trial offer please contact Warren Sherman. More information can also be found on the Kamakura Corporation web site and in a chapter from The Basel Handbook, second edition, (Michael Ong, Editor) by Kamakura's van Deventer, Li Li, and Xiaoming Wang available on Amazon.

About Kamakura Corporation

Kamakura Corporation is a leading provider of risk management information, processing and software. Kamakura has been a provider of daily default probabilities and default correlations for listed companies since November, 2002. Kamakura launched its business mortality model for unlisted companies in January 2004. Kamakura is also the first company in the world to develop and install a fully integrated enterprise risk management system that analyzes credit risk, market risk, asset and liability management, and transfer pricing software system. Kamakura has served more than 160 clients ranging in size from $3 billion in assets to $1.6 trillion in assets. Kamakura's risk management products are currently used in 23 countries, including the United States, Canada, Germany, the Netherlands, France, Switzerland, the United Kingdom, Eastern Europe, the Middle East, Africa, Australia, Japan, China, Korea and many other countries in Asia.

Kamakura's research effort is led by Professor Robert Jarrow, who was named Financial Engineer of the Year in 1997 by the International Association of Financial Engineers. Professor Jarrow and Dr. van Deventer were both named to the 50 member RISK Hall of Fame in December 2002. Kamakura management has published more than 100 publications on credit risk, market risk, and asset and liability management.

Kamakura has world-wide distribution alliances with Fiserv and Unisys, making Kamakura products available in almost every major city around the globe.

For more information contact

Kamakura Corporation
2222 Kalakaua Avenue, 14th Floor, Honolulu, Hawaii 96815
Telephone: 1-808-791-9888
Facsimile: 1-808-791-9898
Web site: